1. Pneumonia can be seen on the left lower lobe of the xray as infiltrates in the above X -ray picture. It is the white area in the right hand corner.
  2. “Pneumonia is a leading cause of hospitalization and death among adults in the United States and in 2011 the medical costs exceeded $10 billion,” said CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H.).
  3. According to the Journal of Aging and Disease (.pdf), Volume 6, Number 3; 174-179, June 2015 . Physical therapy reduces 30-day hospital readmission rate with older adults with pneumonia.



Many times your physician will recommend your bed to be at an angle of 30 to 45 degrees to help lung drainage and reduce pneumonia risk. Check with your Dr if you are in the hospital or have had pneumonia or are at risk.



Spirometer device. about 8 dollars.

Try to suck in as deeply as you can 10 x. Make sure it is clean and dry. Perform 4 x a day. This can help get rid of phlegm and mucus in the lungs which can quickly lead to pneuomonia.



Expand a lung device about 40 dollars

Perform 10 deep inspirations. You can also perform expirations as well. You perform on a light resistance setting for the first week. Then you improve it every 2 weeks. Perform 4 x a day 10 breaths. Make sure you check with your Dr or respiratory or speech therapist first.


  • Some patients are at risk of aspiration pneumonia where food or beverage goes down the wrong tube when they swallow.
  • Your healthcare provider may suggest making a change in liquid/food texture, consistency or temperature.
  • It is important to take smaller bites and eat slowly.
  • Your caregiver should also follow prompting strategies for increased safety.
  • It is important to maintain a proper positioning while eating. The best way is to eat while sitting in an upright position with chin tucked slightly at a 90° angle. Now you want to check with your speech therapist first because some research says to use a chin tuck and other research says not to use the chin tuck /neck bend forward.
  • Stay in an upright position even after you have finished you meal. Don’t change your position for at least 45 minutes after your meals.
  • Keep the head of the bed at 45° if the patient has been diagnosed with GERD as well.
  • Never eat or give a patient of aspiration anything to eat a couple of hours before bedtime.
  • Take medications that reduce reflux and promote stomach emptying.



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