Falls and physical therapy

  • .Falls are the number one cause of injuries and deaths from injury among older Americans.
  • In 2014 alone, older Americans experienced 29 million falls causing seven million injuries and costing an estimated $31 billion in annual Medicare costs.
  • There are 27,000 fall deaths in older adults each year. Centers for Disease Control reports.
  • Each year over 300,000 older people—those 65 and older—are hospitalized for hip fractures. CDC (many of which are caused from falls some estimates are 95%)
  • For men and women the risk of death is increased 2 to 2.5 x as high after a hip fracture. (Many hip fractures are due to a fall) http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/729944

Group and home-based exercise programmes, and home safety interventions reduce rate of falls and risk of falling Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Sep 12;(9) Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community.Gillespie LD et al.

Some ways to help prevent falls indoors are:

  • Keep rooms free of clutter, especially on floors
  • Use plastic or carpet runners
  • Wear low-heeled shoes
  • Do not walk in socks, stockings, or slippers
  • Be sure rugs have skid-proof backs or are tacked to the floor
  • Be sure stairs are well lit and have rails on both sides
  • Put grab bars on bathroom walls near tub, shower, and toilet
  • Use a nonskid bath mat in the shower or tub
  • Keep a flashlight next to your bed
  • Use a sturdy stepstool with a handrail and wide steps
  • Add more lights in rooms
  • Buy a cordless phone so that you don’t have to rush to the phone when it rings and so that you can call for help if you fall.



Treatment ideas:

Semi tandem standing 3 x 30 seconds left foot forward then switch to right foot.

It is best to stand in a corner with coutertops on each side of your hands , and a chair in front of you so you have hands support on all 4 sides of your.




Next treatment idea:

Standing on one leg in corner with hands on countertops on each side and a chair in front of you. Perform 3 x 30 seconds right leg then left leg.








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