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What are the risk factors for chronic venous insufficiency?
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
- Varicose veins or a family history of varicose veins
- Extended periods of standing or sitting
- Female sex
- Age over 50
What does venous insufficiency look like?
The goal of treating chronic venous insufficiency is to improve blood flow in the leg veins.
Methods to help increase blood flow in the leg veins include:
- Elevating the legs to reduce pressure in the leg veins
- Compression stockings to apply pressure on the legs and help blood flow
- Keeping the legs uncrossed when sitting
- Regular exercise
Several types of medications may be used to treat chronic venous insufficiency from your physician.
- Diuretics (medications used to draw excess fluid from the body through the kidneys) may be used to reduce swelling
- Aspirin may be prescribed for healing leg ulcers
- Pentoxifylline, which improves the flow of blood through the vessels, may be used in combination with compression therapy to help heal leg ulcers
- Anticoagulation therapy (blood thinning medication) may be recommended for those persons who have recurring problems with the veins in their legs
During sclerotherapy, we use fine needles to inject unwanted veins with special solutions, causing them to swell and close. This causes varicose veins, spider veins and other vascular lesions to become lighter in color and less noticeable, with the body safely rerouting blood flow to other healthy vessels.
Subfascial Endoscopic Perforator Surgery
A minimally-invasive procedure performed with an endoscope (a small, flexible tube with a light and a lens on the end). The perforator veins (veins found in the calf area) are clipped and tied off. This allows blood to drain into healthy veins and improves ulcer healing.